Passions & Places

Museo Archeologico La Fenice


The Archaeological Museum La Fenice

Le Marche

The history of this archaeological museum began in 1990 when excavations were made for the foundations of the Theatre La Fenice di Senigallia.

During this work emerged historical finds of the city: a crossroads of the roman period and a series of well-preserved buildings dating back to Roman times. For this reason was changed the original project of the theater.

The whole area can be visited easily thanks to a pedestrian path that allows you to find the most interesting details. The exposure begins from the entrance of the archeological area and the windows occupy the inside of the museum. In fact this archeological area has become a real museum and through the showcases shows the finds from the city and surrounding territory.

These finds are from the third century BC to the sixth A.C. allowing with the help of explanatory panels, to know the history of Senigallia and transformations which have occurred. The itinerary continues in a vast area from which you can see the entire site. In the center of the ancient Sena Gallica , are still evident the grooves of the wheels of the carts that have transited.

The floor is well preserved and you can identify the "tabernae", the first of which was a "termopolium" a resale of food and hot drinks. On the opposite side instead you can see what is left of a broad "domus" a stately home. During excavation emerged 130 burial from medieval times. But to understand the importance of the ' archaeological site we must go back a thousand years ago, when it was originally settled by a tribe of Galli Senoni during the fourth century.

The beauty and richness of the territory did the rest, and soon was founded the first colony on the Riviera Adriatica. Its name derives from the Galli, which were defeated after long battles by the Romans who settled there and made the town of Senigallia. The city was sacked by Alaric in 400 AD but soon became a focus for resources of the Pentapolis Marittima and the Exarchate of Ravenna. Passed to the Church in the twelfth century, and became a free municipality participating actively in the struggles of the period.

Dante mentioned Senigallia in Paradise. XVI, 75-78 and considered the city among those who "term have". Senigallia remained in a state of serious neglect for many years and arose again in the second half of the fifteenth century through the work of Sigismondo Malatesta, and then through Giovanni Della Rovere.

There were rebuilt the walls and La Rocca Roveresca , but there was primarily a repopulation of the city following a remarkable economic recovery due to agricultural development and new merchants.

Thanks to the intensive trade, there came from all over the world thousands of different product types, from timber to perfumes, spices to manufactures so there arrived more than 500 ships from around the world. In the middle of the eighteenth century Benedict XIV approved the expansion of the city that came to be identical to that of Senigallia Romana.

The Archaeological Museum of La Fenice di Senigallia is the expression of the history of this wonderful city. Defined seaside city is truly rich in historical monuments that testify the importance of this magic town.

Sponsored by
Comune di Senigallia

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