The Archaeological Museum La
The history of this archaeological museum began in 1990 when excavations
were made for the foundations of the Theatre La Fenice di Senigallia.
During this work emerged historical finds of the city: a crossroads of
the roman period and a series of well-preserved buildings dating back to
Roman times. For this reason was changed the original project of the
The whole area can be visited easily thanks to a pedestrian path that
allows you to find the most interesting details. The exposure begins
from the entrance of the archeological area and the windows occupy the
inside of the museum. In fact this archeological area has become a real
museum and through the showcases shows the finds from the city and
These finds are from the third century BC to the sixth A.C. allowing
with the help of explanatory panels, to know the history of Senigallia
and transformations which have occurred. The itinerary continues in a
vast area from which you can see the entire site. In the center of the
ancient Sena Gallica , are still evident the grooves of the wheels of
the carts that have transited.
The floor is well preserved and you can identify the "tabernae", the
first of which was a "termopolium" a resale of food and hot drinks. On
the opposite side instead you can see what is left of a broad "domus" a
stately home. During excavation emerged 130 burial from medieval times.
But to understand the importance of the ' archaeological site we must go
back a thousand years ago, when it was originally settled by a tribe of
Galli Senoni during the fourth century.
The beauty and richness of the territory did the rest, and soon was
founded the first colony on the Riviera Adriatica. Its name derives from
the Galli, which were defeated after long battles by the Romans who
settled there and made the town of Senigallia. The city was sacked by
Alaric in 400 AD but soon became a focus for resources of the Pentapolis
Marittima and the Exarchate of Ravenna. Passed to the Church in the
twelfth century, and became a free municipality participating actively
in the struggles of the period.
Dante mentioned Senigallia in Paradise. XVI, 75-78 and considered the
city among those who "term have". Senigallia remained in a state of
serious neglect for many years and arose again in the second half of the
fifteenth century through the work of Sigismondo Malatesta, and then
through Giovanni Della Rovere.
There were rebuilt the walls and La Rocca Roveresca , but there was
primarily a repopulation of the city following a remarkable economic
recovery due to agricultural development and new merchants.
Thanks to the intensive trade, there came from all over the world
thousands of different product types, from timber to perfumes, spices to
manufactures so there arrived more than 500 ships from around the world.
In the middle of the eighteenth century Benedict XIV approved the
expansion of the city that came to be identical to that of Senigallia
The Archaeological Museum of La Fenice di Senigallia is the expression
of the history of this wonderful city. Defined seaside city is truly
rich in historical monuments that testify the importance of this magic
Comune di Senigallia
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