Passions & Places

Rocca roveresca

La Rocca Roveresca

Le Marche

La Rocca Roveresca of Senigallia is the result of a combination of defensive structures in the course of centuries, from the origins of the city.

Built during the Roman Empire in 300 BC La Rocca of Senigallia was never useless, serving as a fortress of defense as a symbol of power, place of formation of militias , like a prison during the papal age, a hospital during the First World War.

Restructured by Giovanni della Rovere, lord of Senigallia, who gave to it the name of "Fortress Roveresca ," just for the remarkable changes over the fortress. Mainly he decided to renew it by the incursion of the Turks to defend Senigallia, but above all to defend himself and his family.

Today the fortress Roveresca hosts many art exhibitions and major cultural and important events. These include the exhibition of the regional market crafts that allows visitors to appreciate more the old town of Senigallia.

Each individual artisan exhibits and sells its own production and studio, and at the same time shows live their art. More than 120 companies exhibit their products and they come from Le Marche and from Italy.

They are creators of glass, coral, fabric, basketry, ceramics, pottery, painting on wood, restoration, wax objects, wrought iron, lace and embroidery and much more. Some local artisans organize real short courses of: decoupage, paper processing, embroidery, crochet and even music.

La Rocca Roveresca, can be visited every day. The thing that particularly affects in La Rocca Roveresca is the constant presence of the words ”IO” , "IO DUX" and "IO PRE" which refers to Giovanni della Rovere, Duke and Prefect. "IO " does not refer to the sense of "me", but "Do", initial OF Doannes, or Giovanni.

Probably refers to "IO" as if the rock could talk, and he revive through it. Inside the rooms at the base of the archives there are depictions of the mysterious sphinx and on her head there are seven snakes.

Both animals are a symbol of cunning and intelligence. To defeat the Sphinx one must answer his riddle, but the serpent is the symbol of deception. What fascinates considerably and is a true masterpiece of engineering and architecture is the spiral staircase.

There are other examples of similar spiral staircase: the Palazzo Ducale in Urbino, Pesaro in the Rocca Costanza and the fortress of Mondavio and Mondolfo. Usually in every castle there is one for each tower, but they were usually built around a column for a safety measure.

The spiral staircase of La Rocca Roveresca however, is a true work of art, it is not a straight defensive, but scale to be admired. The stone with the 5 circles is located in the basement and probably refers to the harmony of the five levels of knowledge.

These levels of consciousness or levels of consciousness, have been represented in various parts of Italy without a real link between them.

We do not know the true origin of this symbol but it is presumed it was Templar, because of the symbolism that emanates.

Something special is the chapel of the fifteenth century, a small square room. You can also visit the prisons of the castle that reveal very low small rooms.

The prisoner was forced to live most of his life sitting and it was a real torture. The yard represents all the construction phase of the fortress. From a military zone, to a defensive which moves to a renaissance and elegant look .

On the wall of the inhabited zone there is the covered cell of a prisoner which is said was buried alive.


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