San Benedetto de'Frondigliosi
origin of the abbey of Castelplanio dates back to ancient times. The name
"Frondigliosi"- used for at least seven centuries -
still indicates a sinking that was rich in woods and that leads from the
Abbey to the hill of Poggio San Marcello.
The monks were looking in this territory for a place where they could
found an Abbey, and they found this “plain of leafy trees”, the
current territory of Castelplanio.
It was first named in the Camaldolensian Annals of 1199, where mention is
made of "Sancte Marie de Monte Bamposo" and "Sancti
Benedecti De Frondellis" as assets acknowledged to the Abbey of
The term "bamposo" indicates the mount on which Poggio
San Marcello is, with reference to vamposo, namely prone to fires,
and “frondellis", meaning woody, the foundation of the Abbey is
certainly more ancient.
was probably founded in the 11th century as a rectory, namely
as a monastery, by monks called regular canons.
It soon joined the Abbey of Sant'Elena, whose religious and political
influence was rapidly spreading over the surrounding territory. Monks
living outside the abbey also belonged to it.
early 13th century the Bishop of Jesi was the lord of wide
territories in the Esino Valley, on which he had a feudal as well as
It was also the case of the Villa of San Benedetto, the first centre of
Castel del Plano, which developed around the Abbey.
The Abbey was modified many times over centuries; therefore its most
ancient and charming part is the Cloister, composed of an open gallery
enclosed in a series of polygonal brick mullions, supporting small round
arches through a quadrangular capital.
towers over a porch, renewed in late 16th century.
Abbey has hosted important cultural events and is now undergoing
restoration, concerning in particular its cloister and the southwest side.
This wing has so far been neglected, but as from the year 2000 it was able
to welcome pilgrims and tourists who from Rome went to Assisi and Loreto.
Visitors now have the chance to admire the charming landscape and the
luxuriant nature surrounding this place of worship.
Liberation Ventures Ltd.