Passions & Places

16th-20th Century Painting

The seventeenth Century onwards Painting

A Manneristic trend that was inspired by classic models (Brandani, Zuccari brothers, Barocci, Tibaldi, De Magistris) developed in Italy in the seventeenth century. This period was historically characterized by an increasing level of formality and rigidity in all sectors due to the Catholic Counter Reformation. The influence of Rome was perceived as heavier and heavier. In Art the artist were subjected to it through the ‘caravaggismo’. It was a new way of painting that the local artists, such as Guerrieri, came to know with the arrival of Orazio Gentileschi (one of Caravaggio’s pupils). The artistic originality was highly threatened by this new style, that at first prevented the spreading of Baroque. Some local painters (Sassoferrato, Maratta, Ghezzi) managed anyway to influence in turn the Roman artistic entourage. Pieces of art by famous artists such as Rubens, Guercino, Guido Reni and Carracci started to make their appearance in Marche.

The eighteenth century was mainly characterized by a hive of architectural activity. Many buildings underwent restoration. The works were commissioned to famous artists. In Marche was active Luigi Vanvitelli with his revolutionary architectonic conception. Evidences of his passage are to be seen in Ancona, Macerata and Pesaro. Their marked characteristics made them easily recognisable. They are in fact elegant brickworks with typical neo-classic traits. The eighteenth century was a sterile period in artistic terms in Marche. Just few artists made an exception, among which Podesti. Only in the last decades of the century an artistic reawakening was appreciable. The ‘Liberty’ artistic trend served in fact as a stimulus. As for the twentieth century the abstractionist Osvaldo Licini, the painter Scipione and trans-vanguard Enzo Cucchi (Morro d’Alba) have been the leading characters of the artistic experience in this county. Most artists from Marche have kept contact with their home county even when they migrated to other cities at the beginning of their artistic career. This is in fact the case of Scipione (Gino Bonichi). He was born in Macerata at the beginning of the past century and he soon moved to Rome. There he became one of the leading personality of the Roman School. He deeply believed in the power of images. He was a passionate, sensual artist, main interpreter of the Baroque dissolution. Pericle Fazzini spent a long time in Rome as well. But like many other artists he never actually left Grottamare, his home city. He has been called ‘the sculptor of the winds’. His masterpieces can be seen in the Ascoli and Ancona areas. It is universally acknowledged great artist thanks to his work ‘La Resurrezione’ (the Resurrection) on display in the City of Vatican in Sala Nervi. Valeriano Trubbiani from Macerata (active in Ancona though) is one of the sculptors that has given more for the artistic prestige of Marche. His tormented but elegant sculptures tell stories of unimaginable tortures on animals but also on violated cities.

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