Passions & Places

Renaissance Masterpieces

Masterpieces of the Renaissance

Le Marches experienced the same historic route of the rest of Italy, between the 14th and the 15th centuries a profound artistic movement was originated, which was partly due to the stay in the Marches of innovative painters, both Italian and European. On the other hand, there was an increasing cultural influence on the part of the new strategic and political centres.

In this period the rules of the Malatesta family in Rimini and Montefeltro family in Urbino, as well as the Sforza family in Pesaro and Varano family in Camerino, widened and strengthened their dominions. They showed patronage and a growing power, and enriched their castles with sublime architectures and valuable works, which are now an immense heritage for the Marches.

The Renaissance was a period of splendour for the Marches, and the typical equilibrium of this region certainly influenced the artists who worked here. Carlo Crivelli came from the Veneto region and spread an exquisite pictorial style, which can be seen observing the paintings in many museums and churches of the Marches. An example is the painting The Virgin Mary with the Baby, in the Picture Gallery of Ancona.

To build his beautiful Ducal Palace Federico da Montefeltro called Luciano Laurana, who was to interpret his client’s wishes perfectly. Such a spectacular place could only be decorated by masterpieces of major artists. Thus, when Raffaello’s father, Giovanni Santi, painted fine works for the Duke Federico (in 1470), Piero della Francesca arrived in Urbino. He left precious works in the Marches, such as the intense and perfect Virgin of Senigallia, and the innovative Flagellation, Bramante (from Fermignano) also studied in Urbino.      

A few years later, Perugino painted wonderful works that are now on display in various towns of the Marches (examples are the moving Virgin on the throne and the Saints in Senigallia and the Annunciation in Fano). Raffaello learnt the secrets of painting both from his father and from Perugino, and then used his talent in Rome.

Between the 15th and the 16th centuries the Marches witnessed the development of many local pictorial trends, enhanced by the works by Giovanni Boccati from Camerino, Lorenzo d’Alessandro from San Severino, and the numerous pupils of Giovanni Santi. Luca Signorelli’s decorations in Loreto confirm the widespread mannerisms inspired by Perugino.

The Della Rovere Dukes were the new Dukes of Urbino and contributed to the renovation of styles and tastes by calling the Dossis from Ferrara. The latter decorated the Imperial Villa of Pesaro, and Girolamo Genga was an architect born in Urbino who was also called by the Della Rovere family. The influences from the Veneto region are clear in the works by Carlo Crivelli and Lorenzo Lotto, as well as in the works by less famous artists, who filled their paintings with details from their native land.








© 2001 Liberation Ventures Ltd.

   Edit | Passions  |  Itinerary  |  Where To Stay
 | Map  |   Print  |