Passage to Le Marche
Journey through Baroque
Chiesa di San Pietro al
church dates back to 1609. In that year in fact Girolamo Gabricelli from
Fano decided to demolish a pre-existent SS. Pietro and Paolo temple having
founded a new congregation. He wanted Giambattista Cavagna to plan the new
building. The Roman architect was in Marche for the construction of the
Santa Casa in Loreto (1605-1613).
church plant is the typical Latin cross. It is composed by an only nave on
which three chapels open on each side. Where the transept intersect the nave
a beautiful open-work dome opens.
It is beautifully trimmed by pendentives and stuccoes made by Girolamo
Caccia (1696). The wide space reminds of the prospective breakdown typical
of the dome-shaped roofs of Turin churches by Guarino Guarini.
The cornice and dome tambour are made in stylish Istria stone. They were so
conceived by Giovanni Maria Pazzia in 1626. The apse decoration was drawn by
a preaching religious order of Rome and was carried out by the architect
Lauro Bonaguardia from Bologna (1696-1700).
transept was later enriched by creating choir stalls decorated by Giorgio
Feretti sculptures. The rich and effective plastic decoration is given to
the genius of Pietro Solari from Rome. The vault is decorated with the story
of Saint Peter by Antonio Vivarini.
They are framed by beautiful floral elements. Saint Paul stories are instead
depicted above the main entrance on each side of the large window. Saint
Philip Glory is sided by other two events of the Saint’s life. The
paintings are located in the vault frescoed by Stefano Regni from Siena.
Three canvas representing the life of San Carlo Borromeo (in the left chapel)
by Giovan Francesco Guerrieri, The
recovering of the crippled by Simone Cantarini, Saint
Peter that restores Tabita to life by Matteo Loves, the Annunciation
by Guido Reni are among the masterpieces kept in the church.
predominance of decoration is
intended to create illusionist Baroque. San Pietro al Vallum boasts
characteristics almost unique in Le Marche.
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